what does a hemorrhoid look like
What are hemorrhoids?
In fact, unlike the famous image of hemorrhoids, they are not initially a disease!
“Hemorrhoids” is merely a name worn by the veins that are located at the level of the anus. These are small, harmless veins that form two kinds of vascular lakes, one located just below the rectum and called the internal hemorrhoids and the other located on the outer edge of the anus and called the external hemorrhoids.
These vessels, like all other blood vessels of the human body, are vital because they participate in the blood supply to this part of the body to deliver oxygen and nutrients to our anus.
They also have another role of their own because they participate incontinence or the fact of allowing you to emit stool only when you want it. Indeed, since they project slightly towards the inside of the anus, they increase the effectiveness of the muscular sphincter.
Moreover, the disease then?
Now that we understand that hemorrhoids are harmless formations, it is time to know how they can constitute a most challenging disease that can be identified.
In fact, with age and some other causes that we will see a little further, these veins, usually very powerful, begin to lose their tone. In this case, the blood will start to stagnate at the vascular lakes.
Moreover, that says blood that accumulates with vascular walls that have lost their tonicity automatically says the increase in the volume of these lakes, and therefore some hemorrhoids.
Moreover, this is where these formations will begin to protrude into the anus which can cause significant pain especially when it comes to a richly innervated area as is the case of external hemorrhoids located just under the skin (the most innervated organ of the human body).
It is also with this outward projection that these walls become even more fragile since they are subjected to the physical stress caused by defecation and can tear and cause bleeding, a symptom that alarms us immediately when that comes.
How many types of hemorrhoids are there?
Anatomically speaking, and as shown in the diagram above, we are talking about two kinds of hemorrhoids “disease” that also meet the two types of hemorrhoids “normal anatomical formations” that exist: external hemorrhoids and hemorrhoids internal.
- External hemorrhoids are represented by the left diagram. In this case, the inflammation (or irritation) affects the hemorrhoidal formation that is on the outer side of the anus.
This type of hemorrhoids is the simplest to diagnose oneself. You will feel pain (more or less intense depending on your tolerance for pain), and you will feel and see a protuberance in the anus. If you think this area, you will feel like a ball of fat.
- The second type of hemorrhoids, which are internal hemorrhoids and which are represented by the right pattern, are more difficult to diagnose by themselves when they are at their beginning.
Indeed, this area is not innervated, and you will not feel pain during the beginning of a hemorrhoidal crisis, and as it is an area that is not visible in the daily examination, you will not realize only when it gets complicated.
You may also be interested in: Internal Hemorrhoids and External Hemorrhoids
There are four degrees of internal hemorrhoids:
– The first degree is a stage that goes almost unnoticed. The dilation of the hemorrhoidal veins is minimal, and the hemorrhoids “disease” remain inside the anus. There is no pain or bleeding, and the diagnosis is only quite fortuitous if a doctor does an anal exam for any other reason.
– The second degree is the stage from which one can realize that one is suffering from internal hemorrhoids. Here, the inflammation is much more pronounced and causes the hemorrhoids to “get out” of the anus and become visible when you make a defecation effort. However, at the end of the defecation, they find their usual location inside. We can see if they hurt you a little (which is infrequent), but primarily by palpating by simulating a defecation effort.
– The third degree, which is logically more pronounced, is the one where the hemorrhoids, once released following the effort of defecation, do not naturally return to their place of origin. It will be up to you to “put them back inside.” Their release is usually painful, but their re-establishment, if done delicately, should not be.
– The fourth degree is the stage where we can not put them back inside alone. In this case, we would tend to confuse them with external hemorrhoids because they are very similar to them (because they are both permanently visible on the outside). Here, only the doctor can diagnose that it is internal hemorrhoids and alone he can replace them inside. Do not try to do this if you notice that it hurts you (unlike third degree)
Some information on hemorrhoids
– The first thing you need to know is that this is a pervasive disorder. It is estimated that one in two people would suffer at least once in his life. No need to be ashamed of it.
– The first cause of the appearance of hemorrhoids is genetic. If you have family members who suffer from it, chances are you are living that too.
– It is not because it is genetic that you can not do anything about it. The risk factors are also under your control. Assume your responsibilities!
What can cause the appearance of hemorrhoids?
As you have already been told, genetics play a predetermining role in the appearance of hemorrhoids, but it is not the only one to blame for your misfortune, you take some responsibility in there.
Hemorrhoids are an irritation and inflammation of the hemorrhoidal veins. So anything that can cause irritation and redness is possibly a risk factor for the disease.
Thus, constipation that pushes you to great efforts and eventually irritates the anal area is one of the risk factors for this disorder.
To get rid of hemorrhoids, start by getting rid of constipation. Do not eat too much spicy and take much fiber because they facilitate intestinal transit and minimize your risk of constipation.
However, that is not all, all factors that can weaken blood vessels are also risk factors for hemorrhoidal disease. We will talk mainly about smoking and alcohol abuse.
The best advice we can give you to minimize your risk of hemorrhoidal crisis are therefore the same we will provide you with to avoid any disease: ADOPT HEALTHY LIVING HYGIENE.
However, if hemorrhoids are already there, learn how to treat them. Check out this guide to find out more about how to manage hemorrhoids effectively.