Is hemorrhoids a disease

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Is hemorrhoids a disease

Hemorrhoids are dilations of the veins of the anus or rectum. Where they are located determines the type of hemorrhoids you have.

Is hemorrhoids a disease
Is hemorrhoids a disease
  • Internal hemorrhoids are located in the rectum. They are not painful because you can not feel the pain in the rectum. You may, however, have bleeding or the impression that the rectum is full as if you needed to have a bowel movement.

    Is hemorrhoids a disease
    Is hemorrhoids a disease
  • Sometimes internal hemorrhoid can dilate to the point of exit through the anus. This is called hemorrhoidal prolapse or prolapsed hemorrhoids. If this happens, you may feel a pinch or palpate a painless mass when wiping yourself after a bowel movement. Prolapsed hemorrhoids can sometimes cause itching and pain. If a blood clot forms, you may feel a painful mass around the anus. Hemorrhoids can crack and bleed; you will then see bright red blood on the paper when you wipe or even in the toilet after your bowel movement. A prolapsed hemorrhoid will go back to the rectum by itself, otherwise push it gently inside.
  • The veins under the skin surrounding the anus may also expand; these are the external hemorrhoids. Efforts to bowel and rub may cause them to crack and bleed. External hemorrhoids can cause itching and pain, especially if a blood clot forms.

What is the cause of hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are caused by increased pressure in the veins of the anus or rectum. The efforts made to make a bowel movement are one of the leading causes of hemorrhoids. This situation occurs when you are constipated or have diarrhea. The same can happen if you sit too long on the toilet seat. This position releases the muscles of the anus. The veins of the anus then fill with blood, which increases the pressure in the veins.

Hemorrhoids can also be caused by obesity, lifting heavy objects or any other activity that requires intense effort.

Who are the people who suffer from hemorrhoids?

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Most people have hemorrhoids at one time or another. Some elements can make you more vulnerable. People whose parents had hemorrhoids are more likely to have them. Pregnant women often suffer from hemorrhoids because of the weight associated with pregnancy and childbirth efforts. Obesity, standing too long, or lifting heavy objects can make hemorrhoids worse.

Should I consult my doctor?

Is hemorrhoids a disease
Is hemorrhoids a disease

Consult your doctor if you see blood. He will make sure that it is hemorrhoids and not colitis, cancer or any other disease. Bleeding from the rectum or anus or stool with blood may be a sign of a more severe problem such as cancer.

The clinical examination allows your doctor to make a diagnosis of hemorrhoids. Sometimes he will offer you an anuscopy or another test. Anoscopy is an examination that allows your doctor to see the inside of the anus using a light tube inserted into the anus.

HOW LONG DOES A CRISIS LAST?

Do you want to get rid of hemorrhoids and the pain they cause? The hemorrhoids crisis has a very variable duration. Better to consult in case of haemorrhoidal crisis because the treatments are effective.

Hemorrhoids: beware of complications

Without complications, hemorrhoids can disappear in less than five days, but in many cases, the hemorrhoids crisis can exceed ten days and even cause discomfort for several months.

When the hemorrhoids crisis lasts more than ten days and recurrence on a regular basis, it is a chronic hemorrhoidal crisis. To reduce the risk of complications in hemorrhoidal thrombosis, it is essential to talk to your doctor without delay. Hemorrhoidal thrombosis can be internal or external.

Hemorrhoidal crisis: treatment

In the most severe cases, the surgical procedure may be recommended by the doctor. Other less invasive solutions may work well when hemorrhoids are not installed for a long time. This is for example:

Hemorrhoids: prevention

Is hemorrhoids a disease
Is hemorrhoids a disease

To prevent hemorrhoids, it is essential to avoid constipation. Limit the consumption of alcohol, coffee, spices, and fats. Choose dietary fiber, green leafy vegetables, drink at least 1.5 to 2 liters of water daily and get regular physical activity to improve circulation. Your doctor may give you other tips to help reduce the risk of hemorrhoidal thrombosis.

Will I need surgery?

Most hemorrhoids heal on their own in less than a week or two. They will tend to reappear if you do not do what it takes to prevent them. When problems persist, consult your doctor for possible solutions.

Is hemorrhoids a disease
Is hemorrhoids a disease

Internal hemorrhoids can be destroyed by sclerotherapy (injection of a chemical), by infra-red coagulation or by electrocoagulation (which burns them). Elastic ligation is also used to treat internal hemorrhoids. It consists of installing a small elastic at the base of hemorrhoid, which cuts the blood circulation in this area and destroys the hemorrhoids.

When the internal hemorrhoids are very large or prolapsed, it may be necessary to perform a hemorrhoidectomy (surgery to remove hemorrhoids). You should inform your surgeon if you are taking medications that may cause excessive bleeding during operation, such as Coumadin and Plavix. Your surgeon may ask you to stop taking these medications for a few days before surgery.

Painful external hemorrhoids that contain blood clots can be treated by removing these clots by a small, successful procedure when done within 24 hours of clot formation and the onset of pain.

To read also: What’s a hemmoroid

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