Are hemorrhoids harmful to health?
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If you have just experienced your first hemorrhoidal attack (or not for that matter), you probably ask yourself a lot of questions: what is it? Why me? Am I going to live that all my life? How can I treat myself? Moreover, so on. However, the most important question we all ask ourselves in the face of any illness or symptom that we do not understand is: How dangerous can it be? Is it mortal?
In this article, we will try to answer the most important questions: what is it? Moreover, how dangerous can it be?
What is Hemorrhoids?
So, technically speaking, hemorrhoids are veins located in the anal area. In fact, they are two networks of intertwined blood vessels forming plexuses that are located either in the anus duct (the internal hemorrhoidal plexus or simply the internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin surrounding the anus fold (The external hemorrhoid plexus or simply the external hemorrhoids ).
The presence of these hemorrhoids is healthy, and they exist for all individuals, from birth to death. However, sometimes these vessels are affected, sick, causing the “hemorrhoidal disease” which, by abuse of language, is often referred to by the simple name “hemorrhoids.”
Hemorrhoids (the disease this time and not the usual formation) are dilatations of the hemorrhoidal vessels. Depending on the plexus affected by this dilation, internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids are distinguished.
Hemorrhoid disease is relatively simple to diagnose when seizures you feel pain and itching at the anus, you have trouble doing your needs, and you may even notice a blood test with stool. Moreover, even outside crises, external hemorrhoids can be diagnosed by touching them, they are not painful but have a little dilation that flattens when pressed, the internal hemorrhoids are the same, but require a rectal touch.
To answer the question “why me? “First of all, know that you are not alone, about half of the people live there, but few people talk about it! The causes are multiple, and none explains, alone the appearance of this disease. Know however that there is a critical hereditary factor, so if a parent has hemorrhoids, you are more likely than the average person to have it. There are other risk factors you may be able to act on, such as constipation, sitting too long, eating too much fat or too spicy, overweight or alcohol.
Are Hemorrhoids Dangerous?
The simplest answer is no. Hemorrhoids are not hazardous in the sense that they do not put your life in danger. However, it is an illness that is bothersome in everyday life, you will have difficulty sitting down, going to the toilet, you’ll want to scratch your buttocks (and frankly, We can afford to do it in public), it hurts … even if it is not a dangerous disease, it is an urgent condition to take care of first to avoid these inconveniences and then to prevent any complication, which Can be hazardous.
What are the possible complications of hemorrhoids?
The hemorrhoidal disease can be complicated in three different ways:
Remember, hemorrhoids are a network of arteries and veins that are relatively close to the surface and which, when sick, are swollen. Imagine this now: a swollen superficial vein, full of blood, and which, every time you go to the toilet, undergoes aggression and tension because you force yourself to evacuate your stool. It is therefore very likely that the skin will eventually present a small wound that will bleed more or less abundantly (depending on the amount of blood initially present in these veins). This bleeding is usually painless and is only noticeable because it strikes the toilet paper or because a red coloration is seen in the bowl. Rest assured, this is usually benign.
This is one of the most frightening complications for people. Indeed, this is a “projection” of the veins to the outside. Here, you no longer see a “swelling” in the anus, but indeed something that comes out. This phenomenon is usually painless, that is to say, that contrary to what you may think, you are not going to feel a very intense pain during the exteriorization of these blood vessels. This phenomenon usually happens when you go to the toilet (and you “push”) or when you make an effort (like for example during a prolonged walk, a sport not adapted to your case …). The hemorrhoidal prolapse may be permanent or, on the contrary, intermittent. He may reintegrate spontaneously, but if he does not, Maneuvers are necessary to restore it. As it is a protrusion of blood vessels outdoors, it may be accompanied by bleeding or seepage and itching. It is also very inconvenient for the person because it is even more difficult for him to walk or sit.
As you know, the hemorrhoidal disease is characterized by dilated blood vessels, blood circulates less well and even tends to stagnate. This will favor the appearance of a phenomenon known scientifically as ” thrombosis,” or, more commonly “formation of a blood pebble.” The blood that stagnates in these vessels can coagulate and form a blood stone. This stone is extremely painful and further interferes with the blood circulation in the hemorrhoidal vessels, which gives a more purplish coloration of the anal margin. Like all the blood pebbles that form inside our body, it will tend to reabsorb itself, and this pain will not last long.
In which cases can hemorrhoid disease become dangerous for health?
As we have already said, the hemorrhoidal disease itself is not hazardous to health. Complications may be harmful in some cases.
Hemorrhoid bleeding, for example, is usually quite minimal, even if it looks impressive when you look at the bowl, know that the blood has been diluted in water and that you will see more “blood” than there is Has in reality. However, if the bleeding becomes too abundant or lasts too long, it can become dangerous (it could be a bleeding for example).
Thrombosis that usually should resolve itself becomes a surgical emergency if the pain lasts because if the pebble does not reabsorb, it could migrate through the bloodstream and reach more sensitive organs of your body, blocking major arteries …
Finally, the hemorrhoidal disease can be dangerous to health if it “masks” another disease. If you have already suffered a hemorrhoidal attack, you will tend to interpret any swelling or bleeding at the anal margin as such. This is far from being the case. Discomfort at this level may be due to hemorrhoids as it could be due to any other illness such as colorectal cancer (without scaring you), bleeding can be caused by your hemorrhoids as it might come from a little more High in the digestive tract. So the rule to follow is that any unaccompanied bleeding from other signs of hemorrhoids or that is very abundant should make the subject of a consultation, any physical sign of hemorrhoids that becomes chronic should be the topic of discussion.
We recommend reading the article: Can hemorrhoids cause cancer, what link?