Hemorrhoids and anal fissure treatment: 100% effective natural remedies to accelerate healing
Hemorrhoids and fissures occur in the rectum when chronic constipation and more tender damage anal tissues. A hemorrhoid is a pile of inflamed varicose veins in the inner layer of the rectum and anus. You should look out for an extended area of skin just beyond the anus if afflicted with external hemorrhoid. These are dilated veins that gradually extend repeated deformity and are pushed outward towards the anus.
You can treat external hemorrhoids with oral medications and ointments to apply locally. Internal hemorrhoids are more painful, and they occur at the junction of the rectum and anus inside the body. They are covered with a mucous membrane and can protrude from the anus cut off the blood supply.
Small tears in the lining of the anal cavity create anal fissures. Constipation can tear the membranes in the inner walls of the rectum; with symptoms such as blood or stool with blood on the toilet paper as the first indications of internal damage. While cracks heal by themselves over time, they can be extremely painful, especially when passing stool.
Some easy procedures to speed up the cure would be to use drugs that have painkillers, steroids, and ointments with nitroglycerin to relax the muscle lining under the damaged mucus layer in the anus.
In severe cases, the fissure can be removed surgically by a procedure known as internal lateral sphincterotomy.
Symptoms of Anal Fissure
You should consult a doctor if you have symptoms of fissures:
- You experience intense prickly pain in and around your anus, which remains for hours after passing the stool.
- You see drops of blood coming out as you pass a stool or in your toilet paper.
- Departure for the type of blood that comes out. There should be blood only in the side or outer lining of your stool. This is different from blood mixed with stool, which are symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease and other serious diseases.
- You will find a skin tag, known as Sentinel Heap, developing the crack below, mostly at the edge of the anus.
A smelly discharge and itching may sometimes accompany the above symptoms in the anus.
Causes of the anal fissure
There are several causes of cracks, and you can get them because of one of the following reasons:
- The most common cause of an anal fissure is constipation. In this condition, the anal lining tears and the sphincter muscles damaged with more force to pass over a stool hard and dry.
- Superior application to normal pressure in the anal sphincters, spend a long time sitting during your bowel movements (e.g. sitting in the pot and reading a magazine or newspaper, etc.) also increases the pressure on the muscles, and with time, they weaken and tear with the least amount of deformation.
- Chronic diarrhea, where you have to pass stools at very short intervals, several times a day adds pressure to the sphincter muscles and can cause cracks.
- Inflammation of the anorectal region will also cause anal fissures.
- Infection of the skin around the anus makes the skin sensitive to wear and can cause anal fissures. This condition is prevalent in almost all sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis.
- Many women develop cracks during the last half of their pregnancy or delivery. This is because there is increased pressure on the sphincter muscles with increased weight during pregnancy and because of the deformity needed to push the baby during childbirth.
- Insertions made by the anus during specific examinations, such as a rectal thermometer, endoscope, ultrasound probe or enema tip can damage the tissues in the anus.
- Anal intercourse leads to a severe test and can cause cracks.
- Patients with weakened immune systems and the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV are prone to cracks
- People suffering from specific health problems like diabetes, vitamin B-6 deficiency, fever, Crohn’s disease, inflammatory bowel movements that cause diarrhea with blood are more likely to suffer from anal fissures.
- Tuberculosis and anal cancer can also be causes of anal fissures.
Some medications like nicorandil can cause damage to the anus.
Remedies for Anal Fissure
Simple anal fissures usually take four to six weeks to heal. These can be cured naturally by following some simple home remedies. However, it is best to consult a doctor and to depend on the severity of your situation, ask him to prescribe them. Some of the typical home remedies for cracks are:
The most critical condition for healing is to minimize pressure on the anus during stool passage and manage pain during and after defecation. You can do this by making dietary changes that allow easier passage of stool. Avoid hot peppers, and difficult to digest food.
Stay hydrated by including plenty of fluids and fodder in your diet.
Apply coconut oil, and aloe compresses and wheat germ oil to the affected areas to accelerate hardening. These natural homemade products have antiseptic and healing qualities.
Sitting in hot water for about twenty minutes, three times a day can bring considerable relief. This is known as a sitz bath. The heat of the water will minimize the risk of infection and improve blood circulation. This will help with muscle recovery and healing.
It is best to keep the area dry to avoid infection and other discomforts like itching and burning. You can dab a baby powder after a shower, but avoid cosmetics that are scented or hard on the skin.
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Cleaning the anus with the soft tissue of the face is better than using regular toilet paper. This would minimize the irritation of the inflamed tissue.
Cleaning the area a couple of times in a day with an infusion of chamomile and witch hazel will help the blood vessels to shrink and heal quickly.
Calendula balm also helps reduce pain and itching. Creams containing vitamin A and D can also be applied to the anus, but you should consult your doctor to find out what compositions will work best for you.
The treatment of the fissure will be necessary especially if they do not heal in six weeks. Cracks can be cured through specific preventive measures and medications:
Your doctor may prescribe a local anesthetic such as lidocaine cream, ointment or suppositories to stop the pain in the anus.
Nitroglycerin cream with a composition of about 0.2% can cure the crack by reducing the pressure in the sphincter. This cream should be used in small amounts because it has side effects like low-pressure fainting, headaches, and dizziness.
Trinitrine is a rectal ointment that improves blood circulation to the anus, relaxes the internal anal sphincter muscles, reduces spasms and helps the fissure heal quickly.
Botulinum toxin or Botox causes momentary numbness of the muscles. This is great for reducing muscle tension and helping the anal fissure heal. You must get Botox injected into the internal anal sphincter.
Nifedipine and diltiazem also reduce pressure on the internal anal sphincter by blocking calcium. These are called calcium channel blockers and are available as gel ointments as well as oral medications.
You may have to use a surgical procedure to remove the crack if the medications fail to improve your condition. It is called internal lateral sphincterotomy (LIS) and involves a small incision in the internal sphincter muscle to relieve the pressure within your anus and stop going into spasm.
Diet for Anal Fissure
Your stool will depend on the food you eat. Make sure you follow a healthy and balanced diet to avoid constipation, soften stool and regularize your bowel movements. This is a condition where your food has a direct effect on your results, so be sure to focus your efforts on dietary changes. This will make the painful process of passing stool with the crack easier and speed up the healing process by avoiding wear.
Include high fiber foods in your diet each day. Fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grains are good choices. This will soften your bowel movements, making bowel movements more comfortable and reduce tension in damaged muscles.
Avoid spicy foods and those that are difficult to digest as these would additionally cause irritation and difficulties in stool passage. Examples include chilies, popcorn, fresh seeds, etc.
Dehydration can also cause stool hardening, so keep plenty of water, juice and other fluids during the day. Ideally, you should drink at least eight to ten glasses of water a day. The color of your urine may be a sign of dehydration; under normal circumstances, it should be clear as water or light yellow in color.
You can ask your doctor to prescribe a fiber supplement every day if you think your body needs it.
Suggestions for Anal Fissure
It helps to exercise every day. You should do some moderate exercise for about two and a half hours a week. If you engage in rigorous exercises, an hour and a half of exercises in a week is usually enough.
To get relief from tissue inflammation, you can sit in a hot water bath for about half an hour. Repeat this two or three times a day. This process will help the internal anal sphincter muscles to relax and heal.
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